a.Believed that mental illness had natural causes and treatment
b.With very little knowledge about physiology itself he believed hysteria in women, caused due to travelling uterus, could be cured through marriage
a.Studied convicts with mental illnesses
b.Recognised individual differences and socio-cultural influences in thinking and behaviour
a.Was of the belief that thinking would eliminate pain and give pleasure
b.Subscribed to Hippocrates’ theory that amorous desires
a.Published Anatomy of the Nervous System, based on animal dissection
b.Worked on treatment methods prioritising patient comfort
a.Italy saw spread on Tarantism, an uncontrollable impulse to dance that spread to Germany and rest of Europe as St.Vitus’ Dance
b.Initially was blamed on Southern European Tarantula and then on Dionysus
c.Belief in lycanthropy peaked in 14th and 15th century due to social oppression, famine, epidemic diseases
->Exorcism and Witchcraft
a.In Middle Age Europe, mental illness was left to clergy and treated kindly
b.The general treatments were Holy water, prayer, sanctified ointments, breathe, spit of priest, touching of relics, visit holy places, exorcism by laying on of hands
c.Recent Resurgence of superstition grew the belief that the mentally disturbed were witches deserving of punishment, even death.
a.In 19th century United States, Dix worked in women’s prisons, almshouses, asylums after forced resignation from the teaching board
b.Helped grow mental health movement, raising a million dollars
c.Lobbied state legislatures and the United States Congress to create the first generation of American mental asylums.
->20th Century: Changing attitudes and mental hospital care
a.Although the number of mentally ill patients grew, there were little effective treatment methods utilised
b.The Mary Jane Ward was where the mentally ill suffered the plight of being in a snake pit
c.Clinical Psych Training programs, out-patient clinics were introduced
d.Humane care for the mentally ill grew in the late 20th century with the closing of a large number of psychiatric wards
a.Public mental health took on more of evidence based approach.
b.194 Member States in WHO have adopted Mental Health Action Plan, setting forth four main objectives to improve mental healthcare and treatment.
Many strides have been taken so far into the 21st century in building political, professional and socio-economic bridges regarding mental health care.However, the looming effects of marginalizing, biased use of evidence and the general stigma around mental health are ever-present reminders to the long road ahead.
The 'A Happier Me' Programme aims to raise mental health awareness through creativity with the use of interesting competitions like photography, essay writing, drawing ,and video making.It provides an opportunity to not only win exciting prizes, but also to be a Mental Health Ambassador and spread awareness among others, helping to both destigmatize mental illnesses and normalize conversations about mental health.